Hacker attacks against Russia rising fast in November
release & faq in pdf
London, UK - 15 November 2002, 13:30 GMT - Hacker attacks against
Russia are rising fast in November making it the 10th most attacked country
this month although it was not even in the top 20 previously. Russia has suffered
87 overt digital attacks in the first half of November already. In comparison,
Russia suffers an average of 30 attacks per month typically.
Traditionally, Russia has been one of the most secure countries in dealing
with the threat from digital risk because it has very strong digital defence
and counter-attack capabilities amongst its native hacker community, military
and government agencies.
The Islamic hacking groups originating in the Arab world, Pakistan and Indonesia,
including: El-Batar, Medan hacking, USG, have all been active against Russian
online systems since late October. In comparison, the larger surrounding former
Soviet Republics, such as Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Belarus, have
not shown a rising trend in digital attacks throughout 2002.
Russia has been the victim of Chechen rebels led terrorism in a Moscow theatre
in late October.
The other top G-8 victims of digital attacks in November are the US (3,412),
Canada (247), France (221), UK (193), Japan (180), Germany (128) and Italy
The worldwide economic damage caused during November so far by overt and
covert digital attacks including viruses is estimated at between $3.1 and
Notes to Editors
What is EVEDA?
EVEDA stands for Economic Value Engine for Damage Analysis. EVEDA is a component
of the SIPS (Security Intelligence Products & Systems) database,
which estimates economic damage as loss of productivity, management time,
Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) violations, customer and supplier liabilities
and share price decline where applicable. EVEDA collects its information from
a variety of open sources and measures the economic value associated with
a particular brand or publicly listed company based on a unique set of algorithms
developed by the mi2g SIPS team in conjunction with risk analysts.
Over the last six years, the worldwide economic damage estimate for all forms
of digital attack has been estimated via EVEDA at between: $36 and $44 Billion
(2002 so far); $35 and $43 Billion (2001); $22 and $27 Billion (2000); $18
and $22 Billion (1999); $3.6 and $4.4 Billion (1998); $2.9 and $3.7 Billion
(1997); $800 and $970 Million (1996).
What is an "overt digital attack"?
Hacker attacks on digital systems, such as computers and digitally controlled
machines, can be either covert or overt. Covert attacks are not reported,
validated or witnessed by a reliable third party source, whereas overt attacks
are either public knowledge or known to an entity other than the attacker(s)
and the victim(s).
mi2g defines an overt digital attack as being an incident when a hacker
group has gained unauthorized access to an online system and has made modifications
to any of its publicly visible components (such as a broadcast, service routine,
payment / data collection or print out) whilst executing:
1. Data Attacks: The confidentiality, integrity, authentication or non-repudiation
of transactions based on the underlying databases is violated. Such attacked
databases may include confidential credit card numbers, identity information,
customer and supplier profiles and transaction histories;
2. Command and Control Attacks: SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol)
controlled computers, routers and switches, networks of ATMs (Automated Teller
Machines), DCS (Distributed Control Systems), SCADA (Supervisory Control And
Data Acquisition) systems or PLCs (Programmable Logic Controllers) have been
What are the motives for "overt digital attacks"?
The principal motives for digital attacks have been political tension, protest
and digital warfare; espionage, surveillance and reconnaissance; destruction
of competitive advantage or share price; disgruntled or misdirected workforce
issues; anti-globalisation and anti-capitalism protest; environmental and
animal rights activism; intellectual challenge and recreational hacking; financial
mi2g has been collecting data on overt digital attacks going back
to 1995 via the SIPS (Security Intelligence Products and Systems) database.
The SIPS database has information on over 108,000 overt digital attacks
and 6,100 hacker groups. The SIPS intelligence citations include the
2002 Computer Security Institute (CSI) / Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
Computer Security Issues and Trends Survey [Vol. VIII, No. 1 - Spring 2002].
Detailed copies of the SIPS reports for each month, including back
issues can be ordered from the firstname.lastname@example.org. A vetting process
may be carried out prior to the release of the SIPS reports to individuals
and for overseas orders. mi2g solutions engineering pays particular
regard to security. mi2g advises on the management of Digital Risk
and incorporates Bespoke Security Architecture in its SMART sourcing solutions.
mi2g has pioneered the Contingency Capability Radar to assist in rigorous
business continuity planning based on ISO 17799.
First contact: Tel: +44 (0) 20 7924 3010 Fax: +44
(0) 20 7924 3310 eMail: Intelligence