Persuading China; Burmese Chessboard; S Asia's Democracy
London, UK - 27 September 2007, 19:03 GMT
Dear ATCA Colleagues
[Please note that the views presented by individual contributors
are not necessarily representative of the views of ATCA, which is neutral.
ATCA conducts collective Socratic dialogue on global opportunities and threats.]
We are grateful to:
. The Rt Hon Lord Jenkin of Roding, Chairman, Foundation for Science &
Technology, from The Palace of Westminster, London, UK, for "Persuading
China over Burma;"
. Andrew Leung, CEO, AL International, London, UK, and frequent visitor to
China for "China's Burmese chessboard;"
. Dr Harsh Pant, Department of Defence Studies, King's College, London, UK,
for "South Asia's Emerging Democracy Deficit and the Role of India
. His Excellency Martin Morland, Former British Ambassador to Burma, London,
UK, for "Alice in Wonderland Nature of Burma
and the Mobile Camera;"
in response to the ATCA Research and Analysis Wing submission "Burma
in Biggest Uprising in 20 Years: The China Black Swan."
Dear DK and Colleagues
Re: Persuading China over Burma
In all the discussion about the role of China in the current situation in
Burma, we must remember Sir Winston Churchill's wise words in the House of
Commons in March 1944: "The longer you can look back, the farther you
can look forward." I am not in the least surprised that China has declined
to back the Security Council in calling for stronger sanctions against the
Junta in Burma.
Lord Jenkin of Roding serves on the Foundation for Science and Technology
as a chairman, and as vice-chairman of the Local Government Association in
the UK. He was President of the Association for Science Education, 2002-03.
Lord Jenkin has wide experience of government and business with a particular
interest in science. He is also a member of the House of Lords Select Committee
on Science and Technology, and has chaired the influential 'Science and Society'
inquiry. Lord Jenkin served as British Secretary of State for Social Services
from 1979 to 1981, then as Secretary of State for Industry until 1983, and
finally as Secretary of State for the Environment from 1983 to 1985. He was
elevated to the House of Lords as Baron Jenkin of Roding in 1987. He was the
Conservative MP for Wanstead and Woodford from 1964 to 1987. He entered the
cabinet in February 1974 as Secretary of State for Energy just weeks before
the conservatives fell from office, and participated in many ways in the government
of Margaret Thatcher.
Dear DK and Colleagues
Re: China's Burmese chessboard
With the Burmese situation threatening to implode and the matter placed before
the UN Security Council, all eyes are now on China (and to a lesser extent
on India) as Burma's strong backer. What are China's options on this delicate
Andrew K P Leung, SBS, FRSA
Andrew Leung has over 40 years of experience in a number of senior positions
working closely with mainland China, including Hong Kong, with a focus on
commerce, industry, finance, banking, transport, social welfare and diplomatic
representation. He has addressed numerous local and international business
and strategic fora, groups and organisations on China, including making regular
television appearances. He has written many key commentaries on China for
various organisations including ATCA. His target audience includes finance
and investment houses, institutional investors, large businesses, think tanks,
senior officials and business schools. Andrew was twice sponsored personally
by the US Government on briefing visits to the United States, including a
month-long visit to brief Chairmen and CEOs of multi-nationals in regard to
China, post-Tiananmen Square. He was also sponsored by the Economist as a
speaker at the China conference in Berlin with the German Foreign Affairs
Institute. He was invited to brief personally the Duke of York and the Lord
Mayor of London prior to their China visits.
Andrew is on the Governing Council of King's College London; the Advisory
Board of Nottingham University's China Policy Institute; and the Executive
Committee of the 48 Group Club with historical and working links with the
Chinese leadership. He has been appointed as a Global Representative for Changsha
City, China. He chairs the China Interest Group of the Institute of Directors'
City Branch. He is a Visiting Professor of the International MBA Programmes
of China's Sun Yat-Sen and Lingnan Universities. He will shortly begin lecturing
as a Visiting Professor at NIMBAS University, Utrecht, Holland. Andrew is
a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts (FRSA). He was awarded the Silver Bauhinia
Star (SBS) in the 2005 Hong Kong's Honours List. He has qualifications from
the University of London, Cambridge University, The Law Society and Harvard
Business School. He speaks Cantonese and Mandarin and practices Chinese calligraphy
as well as fine art.
Dear DK and Colleagues
Re: South Asia's Emerging Democracy Deficit and the Role of India and China
If one were to suggest that a democracy deficit is gradually emerging in South
Asia, there is a danger of being ignored completely given that the world's
largest democracy is located in the region. But looking around South Asia
today one is confronted with a number of weak states with decaying democratic
institutions and an entire region in turmoil as a consequence. Burma being
the latest in the list of states in the region where political churning is
stepping up and the supporters of status-quo are finding it difficult to come
to terms with a movement led by the much revered monks garnering growing support.
Dr Harsh V Pant teaches at King's College London in the Department of Defence
Studies. He is also an Associate with the King's Centre for Science and Security
and lectures at the UK Defence Academy. He joined King's after finishing his
doctorate at the University of Notre Dame (USA). He holds a BA (Hons) from
the University of Delhi and MA and M Phil degrees from Jawaharlal Nehru University
in New Delhi (India). His current research is focused on Asia-Pacific security
and defence issues. He has been published on these issues by a number of academic
journals and other publications across the world including the Royal United
Services Institute (RUSI) Journal, Georgetown Journal of International Affairs,
Asia-Pacific Review, Asian Survey, Armed Forces and Society, Middle East Quarterly,
Strategic Analysis etc. He is also involved in consultancy work with organisations
such as Oxford Analytica, Power and Interest News Report, and South Asia Strategic
We look forward to your further thoughts, observations and views. Thank
For and on behalf of DK Matai, Chairman, Asymmetric Threats Contingency
ATCA: The Asymmetric Threats Contingency
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